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GROOVE ARC
GROOVE ARC
AWS Specification: none
JIS Specification:

none

Other Specification:

none

 I. APPLICATIONS:

Can gouge, bevel or cut all metals including stainless steels, aluminums and copper.

Excellent for the removal of stainless steel joints and overlays. No oxygen is required.

Cutting – With GROOVE ARC metal sheet and plate up to 10mm thick can be metal-arc cut with ease.

The electrode should be held at a shallow angle of about 15º to the surface of the plate, as shown in Fig. 1.

 DIRECTION OF TRAVEL

 

FIG. 1

 

With thicker plates an up-and-down motion should be made in the direction of thickness, so that the molten metal and slag may run clear out of the cut as shown in Fig. 2.

 

FIG. 2

Grooving/gouging – The force of the GROOVE ARC  are removes the molten metal, by pushing it out in front of the groove, whilst a forward-and-backward motion, as shown in Fig. 3 is applied.

FIG. 3

Where possible, the workpiece should be inclined so that the molten metal can run free under the force of gravity.

GROOVE ARC is used to gouge out any faulty weld metal deposit without the need for special cutting and grinding tools. In single-V preparations such gouging eliminates the need for grinding. In double-V preparations GROOVE ARC can be used for gouging instead of back grinding.

Metal-arc cutting is widely used for cutting holes into piping for subsequent welding of branches and connections. GROOVE ARC  is particularly effective in cutting piercing and gouging metals and alloys which are difficult to machine, e.g. armour steel, air and deep hardening steels, stainless steels, cast irons and hard metal or work hardening overlays.

Iron both ferrous and non-ferrous foundries, GROOVE ARC is used for the removal of risers and gates from castings and for cutting heavy scrap prior to remelting.

II. DESCRIPTION:

special purpose Shielded Metal Arc Welding electrode for the arc cutting, grooving and piercing of ferrous and non-ferrous metals and back gouging weld preparations for a wide range of repair and maintenance applications.

Metal-arc cutting with GROOVE ARC occurs as a result of melting and removal of metal along a desired line of travel using an electric arc struck between the workpiece and a special covered electrode.

The electrode coating is specifically designed to:

  • Prevent contaminations on base metal because the coating does not make weld deposits.
  •  Concentrate a forceful and penetrating arc that creates the highest levels of arc blast force.
  • Special coating elements form an electrically conductive “cup” to stabilize the arc and prevent its extinction.
  •  Special coating elements form an insulated coating to prevent overheating and burning of electrode.
  • Blow the molten and dross away with a positive jet of gasses.
  • Easy initial arc ignition & re-ignition.

All the above criteria carefully balanced to enable the operator to maintain a high degree of control. The physical properties of the coating ensure that it decomposes more slowly than the melting rate of the core wire which results in the formation of a deep cup, 3-5 mm deep, at the tip of the electrode. This ensures the operation of the arc within the space, without short circuiting, even when the electrode is inserted into the holes during piercing, or in tight gaps and grooves. The insulating properties of the coating prevent side arcing. Suitable for use AC (minimum) OCV of 70V and DC+.

     III. NOTES ON USAGE:

  • The speed of metal arc cutting is dependent upon the diameter of electrode, current and the plate thickness.

  • With a good quality power source, the full potential of the electrode can be utilized. For instance, in piercing, the electrode can actually be “pushed” through metal without “freezing”

  • For situations with difficult access, a cutting and gouging flux-cored electrode has distinct advantages over the carbon arc and oxygen-cutting processes because it can be manipulated in very confined spaces.

IV. WELDING POSITIONS: FLAT, FILLET, VERTICAL UP, VERTICAL DOWN

V. SIZES AVAILABLE AND RECOMMENDED CURRENTS : AC or DC (+ ):

 

Size

(mm)

Dia.

2.5

3.2

4

5

Length

350

350

350

350

Current Range Amp

100~150

150~250

250~350

300-450

 

TEST RESULT

The information contained or otherwise referenced herein is presented only as “typical” without guarantee or warranty, and Industrial Welding Corporation expressly disclaims any liability incurred from any reliance thereon. Typical data and Test results for mechanical properties, deposit or electrode composition and other properties were obtained from a weld produced and tested according to prescribed standards, and should not be assumed to be the expected results in a particular application or weldment. Actual results will vary depending on many factors, including, but not limited to, weld procedure, plate chemistry and temperature, weldment design and fabrication methods. Users are cautioned to confirm by qualification testing, or other appropriate means, the suitability of any welding consumable and procedure before use in the intended application.